Alternating electric current (AC): electric energy that reverses way many times per second.
Ancillary services: ability and energy solutions provided by energy plants that will react on quick notice, eg hydropower plants, and are usually used to ensure stable electricity delivery and enhanced grid dependability.
Cavitation: The period changes that take place from stress alterations in a fluid that types bubbles, causing noise or vibration within the water line. The Implosion of the bubbles against a solid area, particularly a hydraulic turbine, might cause erosion, and cause reductions in capacity and performance force.
Closed-Loop Pumped space Hydropower: Projects typically comprising two reservoirs that aren't linked to naturally-flowing resources of water.
Control gate: a buffer that regulates water circulated from a reservoir towards energy generation unit.
Direct current (DC): household current which flows in one single direction.
Diversion: a facility that networks some of a river through a canal or penstock.
Draft tube: a water conduit, that can be right or curved based upon the turbine set up, which maintains a column of liquid through the turbine socket together with downstream water level.
Efficiency: A percentage obtained by dividing the actual power or power by the theoretical power or energy. It presents how well the hydropower plant converts the potential power of water into electricity.
Fish ladder: a transport structure for safe upstream seafood passage around hydropower jobs.
Flexibility: the power of this power system to react to variations in offer and/or need.
Flow: number of liquid, indicated as cubic feet or cubic meters per second, moving a point in certain length of time.
Generator: Device that converts the rotational power from a turbine to electrical power.
Head: Vertical improvement in height, expressed in foot or meters, amongst the head (reservoir) water-level and the tailwater (downstream) level.
Headwater: water degree above the powerhouse or at upstream face of a dam.
Hydropower: The harnessing of moving water—using a dam or any other particular diversion structure—to develop energy which can be captured via a turbine to build electricity.
Impoundment: a human body of liquid created by damming a river or stream, popularly known as a reservoir.
Low head: Head of 66 legs or less.
Micro hydro: Hydropower jobs that produce to 100 kilowatts.
Modular: Standardized frameworks created so their particular capacity and function can be scaled by implementation of several components that integrate quickly.
New stream-reach: Denotes waterways being previously undeveloped with hydropower.
Non-powered dams: Dams that do not have electricity generation gear put in.
Penstock: a shut conduit or pipe for performing liquid toward powerhouse.
Energy residence: The structure that homes generators and turbines
Moved storage: a form of hydropower that works well like an electric battery, pumping liquid from a reduced reservoir to a top reservoir for storage and later generation.
Reservoir: See impoundment.
Runner: The rotating the main turbine that converts the energy of falling liquid into mechanical power.
Run-of-river: style of hydropower project which minimal storage space capacity can be obtained and liquid is introduced at about the same rate as the all-natural circulation of the river.
Scroll situation: A spiral-shaped metal intake leading the flow to the wicket gates situated right before the turbine.
Little hydro: Hydropower jobs that create 10 MW or less of power.
Spillway: a framework always offer the launch of flows from a dam into a downstream area.
Tailrace: The station that holds water from a dam.
Tailwater: The water downstream of the powerhouse or dam.
Transformer: product which takes energy from the generator and converts it to higher-voltage present.
Turbine: A machine that produces constant power which a wheel or rotor revolves by a fast-moving flow of liquid.