Deposit traps with available check dams tend to be widely used structures in flood threat mitigation. This paper reviews the literary works aimed at their particular design. First, the general context which sediment traps are designed and their particular functions tend to be provided. The 2nd component proposes hydraulic design criteria for traditional kinds with precisely the opening forms and dam crest spillway. The third part details sediment deposition characteristics: its initiation, its settings through pitfall basin and open check dam shapes, the consequence of hydrographs, additionally the control of pitfall self-cleaning. The methods to determine the deposit pitch and level are talked about. Eventually, a step-by-step design procedure is suggested and future study challenges tend to be highlighted. Field comments has shown that driftwood can significantly influence sediment pitfall behavior. A companion paper carefully addresses the production and transfer of driftwood therefore the interactions with open check dams.