Power plant generator working principle

June 1, 2022
Barato Filagra Power Portugal

Published by: johnzactruba • modified by: Lamar Stonecypher • updated: 4/6/2015

Electrical generators work on the concept of Faraday’s electromagnetic induction. The essential part of this concept could be the magnetized field. The magnetized submitted is made out of a DC power origin from an Exciter which an element of the generator system. Continue reading to get more.

  • The primary requirement of electricity generation as per the essential principle is a magnetic field. The generator while creating electricity has also to make this at a consistent voltage for the electric system working precisely. Managing the magnetized industry manages the voltage output associated with generator.

    So how exactly does one produce and control this magnetized field in a sizable generator?

  • The rotor and/or area coils in a generator produce the magnetic flux this is certainly important to producing the electric power. The rotor is a rotating electromagnet that requires a DC ( direct-current) electrical power origin to stimulate the magnetic area. This power arises from an exciter.
  • DC Exciter

    Previously, the exciter was a small DC generator paired towards the exact same shaft as rotor. Therefore, if the rotor rotates this exciter creates the energy for electromagnet. Control of the exciter output is performed by varying the area current associated with the exciter. This production through the exiter after that manages the magnetic area for the rotor to produce a continuing current output by the generator. This DC present feeds toward rotor through slip rings.

  • Static Exciter

    In contemporary generators the exciters tend to be fixed. The DC power when it comes to electromagnet is from the main generator production itself. Some high-power thyristors rectify the AC current to produce a DC up-to-date which nourishes to the rotor through slip rings. This gets rid of the operation and maintenance issues involving having another turning device. Static exciters provide a much better control of the production than an electromechanical control.

    During start up, if you have no result from the generator, a large electric battery bank supplies the needed power for excitation.

  • Brushless Exciter

    Another method is the brushless system. Within system the armature of this exciter is in the rotor shaft itself. The DC output with this armature, after rectification by solid-state devices, visits the rotor coils. Since the armature and rotor are on equivalent rotating shaft, this eliminates the need for slide bands. Ergo it lowers maintenance and operational demands and so enhancing dependability.

Source: www.brighthubengineering.com
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