A hydro plant uses dropping water as the "fuel, " that is kept in the reservoir behind the dam. When power is required, water within the reservoir is released through dam, switching the turbines and creating electrical energy. The production of hydropower removes no liquid through the lake and produces no pollutants.
A hydropower plant utilizes falling liquid as saved energy. Liquid through the reservoir (A) passes through the penstock (a sizable pipeline that carries liquid through the reservoir to turbines when you look at the powerhouse) (B) to go into the powerhouse.
The streaming liquid converts the propeller-like water-wheel or turbine (C), which is connected by a shaft to your generator (D), which spins and creates electricity.
As liquid departs the turbine, it is released through the draft pipe (E), where it comes into the tailrace (F) and comes back unaltered toward river underneath the dam.
The electricity made by the spinning generator (D) is carried out on energy transformer (G), where the voltage is increased. The high-voltage electricity is then given into Georgia energy's transmission outlines for distribution for the region.