How to convert water to electricity?

October 18, 2017
Generating hydro power
exactly how Hydrogen gas Cells work

The Abstract

You’ve probably heard of hydrogen fuel cells – electrochemical devices that incorporate hydrogen and oxygen to make electrical energy, with water and heat because their by-product. They're nice devices that have the potential to revolutionize our energy system.

Hydrogen may be the easiest factor: An atom of hydrogen consist of only one proton plus one electron. it is in addition more plentiful aspect in the universe. Despite its simplicity and abundance, hydrogen doesn’t occur naturally as a gas in the world in virtually any of use amounts. It’s constantly along with various other elements and must certanly be obtained from a feed stock chemical. Water, for instance, is a combination of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O).

So where can we get hydrogen? We can draw out this factor from liquid, using a technique called “electrolysis of water”. Don’t stress! It‘s much easier than it appears. Electrolysis isn’t many efficient method to obtain hydrogen, however it is one of several simplest and most affordable ways to “homebrew” this gasoline.

The Materials

  • Liquid (Distilled Works Best)
  • 2 Screws
  • 2 Wires (Red, Black)
  • DC Power Supply (Eg: 9V Battery, Solar Cell)
  • Container (Eg: 2L Pop Bottle)
  • 1 Syringe (15 ml.)
  • 1 Tube (1/4 in.)
  • 1 Hydrogen Gasoline Cell (Specs) [NOT A SPONSOR]
  • Tape (Eg: Electric)
  • Baking Soda, 1 Tablespoon
WARNING! Using pure sodium (NaCl), as a replacement for cooking soda just isn't recommended. When NaCl is used due to the fact electrolyte, gases will form and, whenever in a confined environment, could be dangerous. The byproducts of electrolysis with this particular chemical substance will create:

CHLORINE (Cl2), LYE (NaOH), HYDROGEN (H2), OXYGEN gasoline (O)

The Tools

  • Knife
  • Hot Glue Gun
  • Multimeter

The Task

If everything worked really, you really need to begin to see bubbles (hydrogen and oxygen fuel) creating on screws. Only stay back and watch as electricity is generated making use of only hydrogen from liquid and oxygen taken directly from the background air! Take a look at your multimeter. You really need to start to see a voltage. However, many gasoline cells create significantly less than 1.0 volt of electricity, not even close to adequate to power many mainstream gadgets and vehicles. For that reason, several cells must be assembled into a fuel cell bunch.

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